Balancing Earthworks in the Field

Last Updated: 03 March 2015          For: OptiSurface Designer V1.4 and higher


Issue:

We have started landforming but we believe that the cuts are not enough for the fills.  After doing landforming on grade, it seems there are still some low areas to be filled.

Solution:

When you start on a new field, here are the steps we recommend:
  1. Re-bench at your Master Benchmark.
  2. Drive around the field in the areas (green areas) where there's very little cut or fill (less than 10mm) and adjust the blade offset until you are just skimming the surface.
  3. There is always some minor vertical adjustments (e.g. 10mm) that need to be done in the field to get the earthworks to balance.  The operator needs to be always aware of this and ensuring it balances by the end of the job. They can do the vertical adjustment on part of the field as long as it doesn't affect drainage.  It is best to start earthworks a little higher (eg 20mm or 1 inch) and work down to the design so you don't over cut and need to double shift earth.
  4. If there are any other known benchmarks around the field, check the blade against them.
If you continue to have misbalances, on new designs try:
  1. Calculating on a smaller grid for more accurate earthworks e.g. 5m or 15ft.
  2. Adjusting Cut/Fill Ratio  e.g. 1.4 to create more cut compared to fill.


Tips and Tricks

  1. Erosion Control Banks & Waterway
  2. Drainage Design Solutions of Different Topographies
  3. Runoff vs Slope
  4. Trimble Field Level II Do Not Show the .gps File
  5. Minimum Recommended Smoothing Distance For Export To Trimble Field Level 2
  6. GPS Base Station Setup For Best Vertical Accuracy
  7. How to Survey with Trimble FMX
  8. How Easy is OptiSurface to Use for the Average Farmer?
  9. Balancing Earthworks in the Field
  10. Landform Design Slopes and Smoothing
  11. Export Proposed Topography to AutoCAD
  12. Surface Irrigation Designs with Variable Slope
  13. OptiSurface Designer Import and Export Format
  14. Importing Multiple Survey Files to OSD
  15. Can Drone Or LIDAR Surveys be used with OptiSurface?
  16. Calculation Grid Spacing and Export Grid Spacing
  17. How to Survey a Field for Landforming Design
  18. Loading .gps File in FmX
  19. Designing a Field in Sections
  20. Using an Old OSD File versus a New Survey
  21. No Master Benchmark on Imported Survey File
  22. Displaying Secondary Benchmarks
  23. Import Error for xyz File Due to Encoding Format
  24. OptiSurface4D: Bounded By Ridges
  25. Can OptiSurface handle curved rows in Drainage Analysis & Runoff Analysis?
  26. Reverse Grades to Main Slope
  27. Measuring Culvert Invert Level
  28. Surveying a 1000-Ha Field
  29. GPS Coordinate System Check
  30. Does A Normal UTM Zone Coordinate Need To Be Trimmed To x Digits?
  31. Can You Import Data Directly From GPS System?
  32. Converting Latitude/Longitude to Easting/Northing
  33. Surveying With Any GPS Equipment and Exporting to a gps file for the Trimble FMX
  34. DGPS Post Treating System with 5cm Precision For Landforming
  35. Exporting to Trimble FMX Field Level
  36. Can I Survey with a GPS System on an ATV?
  37. Standard NMEA GPGGA txt File to Import into OptiSurface Designer
  38. 900 Acres: Cut that large survey down.
  39. Export Options for Data Layers
  40. Import Two or More Survey Files to Reach Minimum Area
  41. Different Row Slope Directions In One Field
  42. Does OptiSurface allow for multiple grade breaks per design, taildrains roads, pads etc?
  43. Can I View DTM/Topography In Plan View Or 3D Type View When Doing A Design?
  44. Adjust the Bands in the Legend
  45. Design for a 1000-Ha Field
  46. Would It Be Possible That The Numbers In The Boundary Zone Appear In The New Subzone Created?
  47. Grade Of Best Fit And Splitting The Field Into Boundaries
  48. Acceptable Minimum Slopes
  49. Incorrect Area in OptiSurface
  50. Valley Subzone Not Behaving as Expected
  51. Difference Between Breaklines And Subzones
  52. Alignment of Furrow/Bed Direction with OptiSurface Design Mainslope Direction
  53. Subzones Settings Over Ride Boundary Zone Settings
  54. Printing the Maps
  55. Print Size

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